Author Topic: Some Functions of Minerals & Vitamins  (Read 1393 times)

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Offline λlτεrηιτγ

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Some Functions of Minerals & Vitamins
« on: May 04, 2017, 05:43:04 am »
Minerals:

Calcium - Important fore bone and tooth formation and is required for blood clotting and normal muscle and nerve activity. NMDA antagonist which calms the nervous system.

Cobalt - Functions in the maturation of erythrocytes.

Copper - Serves in the manufacture of hemoglobin and the skin pigment melanin.

Iodine - Used by the thyroid gland for the production of thyroxine and other hormones involved in metabolic control.

Iron - Component of myoglobin, hemoglobin, and the cytochromes used in electron transport.
Deficiency can cause anemia.

Magnesium - Used for nerve and muscle cell function and in bone formation. Like calcium and zinc it is an NMDA antagonist which calms the nervous system and it is the strongest of the 3, in this regard. As such, it relieves TMJ / Lock Jaw / teeth grinding / jaw clenching.

Phosphorus - Used for bone and tooth formation and as a component of ATP and nucleic acids.

Potassium - Assists the transmission of nerve impulses and the contraction of muscle cells. Used in healing of organs and tissues.

Selenium - Good for the heart. May improve sperm motility and semen quality.

Sodium - Important in water balance in the body, and it aids in maintaining the responsiveness of muscle, nerve, and heart tissues.

Zinc - Constituent of several enzymes and is essential for normal growth. Zinc is used during sperm production and the concentration of zinc in the testes during this time. This is why around the age of puberty, girls grow taller than boys, as bio-available zinc is used by the testes. Has an important antioxidant role, a deficiency would increase oxidative damage and promote lower quality sperm. Seminal zinc, in both fertile and infertile males, correlates significantly with sperm count. Zinc deficiency is, in fact, a risk factor for male infertility, low sperm quality and motility. NMDA antagonist which calms the nervous system.

Zinc also inhibits aromatase enzyme which converts anabolic testosterone into catabolic estrogen increasing testosterone and lowering estrogen levels.


Vitamins:

Vitamin A / Retinol - Used in the growth of bones and teeth and in epithelial cell maintenance. Used in the formation of the visual pigment rhodopsin, and
a deficiency can lead to a condition called nightblindness.

Biotin - Used as a coenzyme for the addition of organic groups during the synthesis of fatty acids and in nucleic acid metabolism. Component in the development of hair, skin, and nails.

B6 / Pyroxine - Utilized as a coenzyme in amin oacid and fat metabolism.

B12 / Cyanocobalamin - Needed for ethyrocyte formation and for the entry of certain amino acids into the growth cycle.
A deficiency leads to pernicious anemia.

Vitamin C / Ascorbic acid - Promotes protein metabolism and is required for synthesis of collagen during connective tissue formation. Antioxidant.
A deficiency leads to scurvy and is related to poor connective tissue growth, poor wound healing, and even bone fracture.

Vitamin D / Calciferol - Vitamin D is not actually a vitamin but a growth hormone. It raises testosterone levels (the sex hormone), and is used in the absorption of calcium and phosphorus from the gastrointestinal tract.
Deficiency leads to poor bone formation, a condition called rickets.

Vitamin E / Tocopherol - Used to form erythrocytes. It is understood that a deficiency can result in anemia accompanied by erythrocyte lysis. Reduces age-associated erectile dysfunction. Vitamin E prevents / repairs testicular tissue damage. It can be used to treat sexual dysfunction and in women to treat sexual arousal disorder. Improves infertility and semen quality. Vitamin E improves endometrial responses in women who are infertile.

Folic acid - Participates in the enzyme system for nucleic acid and hemoglobin synthesis. It is also involved in erythrocyte and leukocyte formation, and a deficiency can lead to anemia.

Vitamin K - Used by the body as a coenzyme and is required for the synthesis of prothrombin in the liver.
A deficiency of this vitamin leads to blood clotting problems and excessive bleeding.

B3 / Niacin / Niacinamide - Used to formulate the coenzyme NAD. Niacin plays a crucial role in energy production, gene expression, and hormone synthesis.
Good for the heart. Research shows that it’s far more beneficial than statin drugs at reducing deaths caused by stroke (which isn’t that hard really as statins have never worked well in the first place, or in any peer-reviewed studies).

This is mostly because niacin increases nitric oxide synthase, and thus, baseline NO levels, and it also elevates the ‘good’ HDL cholesterol, while simultaneously lowering the ‘bad’ LDL cholesterol .
A deficiency leads to pellagra, characterized by muscle weakness, diarrhea, and mental disturbances.

Panthothenic acid - Serves as a vital portion of the coenzyme A molecule. As such it is involved in the entry of pyruvic acid into the krebs cycle.
Deficiencies result in fatigue, spasms, and neuromuscular degeneration.

B2 / Riboflavin - A coenzyme used in carbohydrate and protein metabolism.

B1 / Thiamine - An important coenzyme in carbohydrate metabolism and is used in the synthesis of acetylcholine for nerve functions.
A deficiency leads to beriberi a condition characterized by digestive disturbances, weakness, muscle atrophy, and some paralysis.
« Last Edit: May 08, 2017, 12:21:02 pm by λlτεrηιτγ »
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